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Critically analyse the advantages and disadvantages of licensing agreements as a mechanism of transferring intellectual property rights.

Post Date: 22 - Dec - 2023

Module Title:

Understanding International Business


Assignment Number


Assessment Information

This assignment is designed to assess learning outcomes:

  1. Understand some of the reasons why, and the importance of, international business in economic, social and political terms.
  2. Appreciate the various ways in which international business can be conducted eg. trade and investment.
  3. Recognise some common types of contracts of carriage of goods by sea.
  4. Realise the effect of certain international trading /business organisations and assistance rendered to businesses.

This assignment is an individual assignment.

This assignment requires you to answering the following question:

  1. Critically analyse the advantages and disadvantages of licensing agreements as a mechanism of transferring intellectual property rights.

Criteria for Assessment

This coursework will be marked to undergraduate standard.  It will require

  • Clearly written, coherently structured and well-referenced presentation;
  • Evidence of individual research;
  • Depth of analysis of the subject matter;

Word Count

The word count is 2000

Coursework Style

  • Since this is an Advantage Module students can use the Harvard System for referencing.

You must follow the style below as part of the assessment criteria.You will lose marks if you do not follow these guidelines when preparing your coursework.


Primary and secondary sources

  • Distinguish clearly between primary sources (the original source of the law, e.g., a case) and secondary sources (a commentary or explanation of the law, e.g., a book).
  • To avoid charges of plagiarism and failure to cite sources, clearly cite and credit these sources.
  • Lecture notes and handouts are not sourcesnever cite them in your essay/bibliography


  • Adopt the Oxford method of referencing: Paul Richards, Law of Contract (5th ed. Longman 2007) – author’s name, initial, title, edition, publisher, year
  • Refer to a specific page thus: Paul Richards, Law of Contract (5th ed. Longman 2007), at page 259.
  • Do not use textbooks, or articles, as primary sources: Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co, page 33 of Richards, Law of Contractis wrong!!
  • Do not use and cite inappropriate and sub-degree texts, such as Nutshells.


  • Adopt the Oxford method: Richard Nobles, and David Schiff, ‘The Right to Appeal and Workable Systems of Justice’ (2002) 65 (5) MLR 676 – author, title of article, year of publication, volume number, issue number, page at which the article starts.
  • Refer to specific pages of the article as with Books above.
  • Learn to use the relevant abbreviation for the journal: eg, MLR, LQR, OJLS
  • Do not use the cataloguing system provided by search engines: Modern Law Review Vol 75, Issue No 3 (Summer) 666-690.


  • Do not use and cite inappropriate websites – never cite wikipedia!!
  • The website should not be cited as a substitute for the proper reference: cite the law report, article etc and then refer to the website in your bibliography, with the specific page of that website, together with the date you last accessed the site.
  • You may cite a website as a source if that information is only available on that site.


  • Case names should be highlighted, preferably in italics: Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co.
  • The reference for the relevant law report should be given, preferably in a footnote: [1893] 1 QB 256.
  • Extracts from judgments should refer to the page or paragraph number: [1893] 1 QB 256, Bowen LJ, at 265E.
  • A newspaper report is acceptable if no law report reference is available: Potter v Scottish Ministers, The Times, 4 April 2007.

Statutory sources

  • The short title of the Act of Parliament should be given: ‘The Human Rights Act 1998 (hereafter the Act or the 1998 Act) was passed …’
  • Specific sections should be cited: s.10 Human Rights Act 1998; s.1 for section; ss.1 and 2 for sections; s.1(2) for section and sub-section.
  • If you cite an article from a treaty you can cite it as Art. 1, Article 1 or article 1.
  • Provide the proper citation for secondary legislation: Prison Rules 1999 (SI 1999/728).

Latin words and phrases

  • Put Latin words and phrases in italics - inter alia, volenti non fit injuria
  • You may use Latin words when referring to previous references (op cit, ibid, supraetc) or you can simply say, see note 4, above or see note 10, below.


  • Learn to use footnotes for references: ‘… in the case of Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co.[1]
  • The superscript number should appear at the end of the particular piece of information or quotation, above, not at the start:  ie, not[2]Carlill…

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