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Explain the different types, size and scope of organisations

Unit 1:    Business and the Business Environment

Unit code    L/508/0485
Unit type    Core
Unit level    4
Credit value    15

Introduction
The aim of this unit is to provide students with background knowledge and understanding of business, the functions of an organisation and the wider business environments in which organisations operate. Students will examine the different types of organisations (including for profit and not for profit), their size and scope (for instance, micro, SME, transnational and global) and how they operate.
Students will explore the relationships that organisations have with their various stakeholders and how the wider external environments influence and shape business decision-making.
The knowledge, understanding and skill sets gained in this unit will help students to choose their own preferred areas of specialism in future studies and in their professional career.

Learning Outcomes
By the end of this unit a student will be able to:
1    Explain the different types, size and scope of organisations.
2    Demonstrate the interrelationship of the various functions within an organisation and how they link to organisational structure.
3    Use contemporary examples to demonstrate both the positive and negative influence/impact the macro environment has on business operations.
4    Determine the internal strengths and weaknesses of specific businesses and explain their interrelationship with external macro factors.
 
Essential Content

LO1 Explain the different types, size and scope of organisations
Different types of organisations:
Differences between for profit and not for profit and non-government organisations (NGOs).
Micro, small, medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Different business purposes, objectives and supply of goods and services.
The range of legal structures associated with different forms of business: sole traders, partnerships and private limited companies.

Size and scope of organisations:
Differences between large, medium-sized and small organisations including objectives and goals, market share, profit share, growth and sustainability.
Global growth and developments of transnational, international and global organisations.
Differences between franchising, joint ventures and licensing. Industrial structures and competitive analysis.
Market forces and economic operations e.g. scarcity and choice, supply and demand, income elasticity.
Stakeholders and responsibilities of organisations to meet different stakeholder interests and expectations.

LO2 Demonstrate the interrelationship of the various functions within an organisation and how they link to organisational structure
The various functions within an organisation:
The role of marketing, finance, human resource management and operations within an organisational context and the interrelationships.
How functions relate to overall organisation mission and objectives.

Organisational structure:
Different structures depending upon the size and scope of the organisation, including bureaucratic and post-bureaucratic, parent, strategic business units (SBUs), matrix and functional levels.
Organisation structures and complexities of transnational, international and global organisations.

LO3 Use contemporary examples to demonstrate both the positive and negative influence/impact the macro environment has on business operations
The context of the macro environment:
The application of the PESTLE framework and how organisations need to monitor and forecast external influences.
How the macro environment influences/impacts upon business activities: the impact of the digital revolution on production and consumption; the impact of social technologies; cybersecurity; emerging BRICS markets, the global shift in economic and social power and ethical and sustainable growth.
How organisations go through the transformation process and overcome resistance to change in response to the changing market environment.

LO4 Determine the internal strengths and weaknesses of specific businesses and explain their interrelationship with external macro factors
Frameworks for analysis:
Introduction to SWOT and/or TOWS analysis and how they can assist in the decision-making process within organisations.
Key external macro factors including the competitive environment and government intervention that influence organisations and business.


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