Please ensure you adhere to the principles of good academic practice and ensure you use the UWE Harvard system to reference your work. Failure to properly reference your work to original source material can be grounds for the assessment offence of plagiarism and may result in failure of the assessment or have more serious implications.
Please refer to the UWE ‘Library Guidelines on Citations and References’:
References (citations) within the body of a report should be linked to your reference list using the Harvard system of referral. This requires the author’s surname and the year of publication to be inserted at every point in the text where reference is made to a particular document.
There are a number of reasons why you should provide references:
- to demonstrate that you have considered other people`s opinions and read around your subject;
- to acknowledge other people`s work and/or ideas - and thus avoid accusations of plagiarism (plagiarism: is the act of presenting the ideas or discoveries of another as one`s own);
- to provide evidence for a statement;
- to illustrate a point or offer support for an argument/idea you want to make;
- to enable readers of your work to find the source material, e.g. for a particular methodology you have used; and
- to direct readers to further information sources.
- When preparing reports, essays, etc. for assignments at UWE, if you wish to refer to something you have read you MUST give a reference for this material.
There are often differences in how this system is implemented as there is no definitive guidance on how Harvard should be applied. However, UWE Library Services have undertaken an extensive review and provide UWE-approved guidance on what is expected by all UWE Faculties that use the Harvard style. For details of how to reference according to the UWE-approved Harvard referencing style, please visit the Referencing section of UWE Library Services’ iSkillZone. You will find advice on how to list references within the body of the text, as well as how to present the reference list.
NOTE: If you submit a poorly referenced essay you will lose marks. If you submit an unreferenced or plagiarised essay you will fail the assignment. Cases of plagiarism will be referred via the formal assessment offences process. Plagiarism, collusion and non-compliance with assessment regulations are offences under University regulations and where suspected, will be investigated under official procedures. Penalties vary depending on the severity of the offence but can include expulsion from the University.
For further guidance on correct referencing go to:
Details of what constitutes plagiarism and how to avoid it can be found here:
For general guidance on how to avoid assessment offences see: