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Why did long stay institutions close in the late twentieth century and what has succeeded them?

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Why did long stay institutions close in the late twentieth century and what has succeeded them?

HARVARD REFRENCING STYLE

  • The Industrial Revolution of the 19th Century. Some people were no longer able to look after their family members
  • Segregation was present in the workhouses. Townsend looked at the homes of the elderly.
  • Institutions, hospitals that took the mentally challenged.
  • The treatment they received, how they lived in those institutions.
  • Mental Health Act 1959 was implemented and why.
  • Pharmacological revolution
  • 1961 Enoch Powell Speech, Health Minister who recommended that hospitals should be closed and introduce community care.
  • 1 or 2 examples of scandals-eg.Winterborne
  • The reasons why they closed
  1. The NHS ACT 1990
  2. The scandals
  3. Large buildings that required maintenance
  4. The poor treatment
  5. Psychiatrists wanted to operate in mainstream hospitals
  6. Pharmacology
  • What has succeed the long stay institutions?

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